Crown and bridge

dental treatment in vibhuti khand lucknow

Crown And Bridge

Dental Crowns /Caps

What are Dental Crowns?

The tooth-shaped dental caps that are placed over a tooth to cover it are called Dental Crowns. They help restore and retain the tooth’s shape, size and strength and also its appearance.

Once covered, these dental crowns are cemented into place, fully covering the tooth that is visible above the gum line.

When are Dental Crowns needed?

Dental crowns are usually required for dental issues like :

  •    After Root canal therapy
  •    To protect a weak tooth from breakage or holding the broken pieces together. The cause of weakening of the teeth is usually tooth decay.
  •    To restore a broken tooth or a severely worn down tooth.
  •    To cover and support a tooth with large filling if the natural tooth is not left.
  •    To hold a dental bridge in position.
  •    To cover odd-shaped or discolored teeth.
  •    To cover existing dental implants.
  •    To perform a cosmetic modification.
  •    To protect a child’s teeth from tooth decay, particularly for children who have difficulty in oral hygiene practices.

Types of Dental Crowns

The patient can choose the different types of Dental Crowns depending on their preferences:

Stainless Steel

These are prefabricated dental crowns. They are used temporarily used on permanent teeth. This type of dental crown usually covers the whole teeth and also protects it from the risk of decay. This type of crowns is usually preferred for children.

Full Metal

This type of dental crowns constitute of alloys consisting of high concentration of gold, platinum or base metal alloys. They are strong and will be able to withstand both chewing and biting forces. They are long-lasting and durable. They are usually preferred for molars as they are hidden.

Porcelain Fused To Metal

Also known as Metal ceramic crown, this type of dental crown can be color matched with the patient’s adjacent teeth. They are used for either front or back teeth, including bridges where the strength of the metal is required.

All Resin

Dental crowns made of resins are the most economical ones but they do tend to wear out faster and are prone to fractures during the function. Like chewing food or biting.

All Ceramic

Also known as metal free crown this type of dental crowns gives the natural colour of the teeth. For aesthetic and functional purposes the all ceramic crowns are preferred today. They are an essential alternative in patients suffering from metal allergies. They can be used for both front and back teeth. With advancement in ceramic technology, the strength and aesthetic quality of the All ceramic crowns have improved. They are today the first choice for crowns.

Temporary and Permanent :

The dental clinics themselves can manufacture temporary dental crowns while permanent dental crowns have to be prepared in a dental lab. Temporary crowns are made using either acrylic-based material or stainless steel. They are usually used as a temporary restoration device, unlike permanent crowns. They are placed on the prepared teeth until the permanent crowns are prepared in the lab.

Dental Crowns Procedure

The patient’s tooth is first examined by the dentist and then the tooth is prepared for the insertion of the dental crown.

dental treatment in vibhuti khand lucknow

The roots of the tooth where the crowns have to be fixed and the bone under it will be then examined using X-rays. The dentist might recommend root canal therapy if there is a risk of infection in the tooth’s pulp. The dentist will then place a temporary crown to prevent further infection till the permanent crown is made available.

The dentist will remove the temporary crown when the permanent dental crown is available. Then the new permanent dental crown will be fixed and cemented into place.

Dental Bridges

Among the many techniques of replacing single or Multiple Missing Teeth, the Fixed partial denture (FPD) / the Bridge can be considered as one the most preferred and time-tested options, only second to dental implants. FPDs are “dental prostheses that are cemented, screwed, or mechanically attached or otherwise securely retained to natural teeth, tooth roots, and / or Dental Implant abutments.

Full Metal, Metal with Ceramic or metal free all ceramic Bridges can be fabricated to replace missing teeth. It works on the fundamental principle of support from the teeth / Implants on either side of the tooth / teeth missing.

The procedure to prepare a fixed Partial Denture or bridge (using adjacent natural teeth as support), starts with trimming / cutting the teeth being used as support. This is followed by making accurate impressions of the prepared teeth which are sent to the laboratory. The prepared teeth receive a provisional bridge until the laboratory sends the final product.

Once fabricated the final product is checked for accurate fit in the mouth. Often patients experience high point on the bridges, which can be corrected by trimming off the excess material. This accurately fitting bridge is then cemented on to the prepared teeth using an adhesive cement. Regular dental check-up and diligent oral hygiene measures can ensure the longevity of dental bridges.